Detail buku

No BukuT.ITB.2005.01
PenulisBajoe Loedi H.
PembimbingDR. Justin Beaumont ; Ir. Haryo Winarso, M. Eng, Ph. D
AbstrakABSTRAK INDONESIA : Tidak ada ABSTRAK INGGRIS : The objective of the study is to identify the factors which are influencing the characteristics of urban povert, especially in the metropolitan city Jakarta- Indonesia and this study will give the visualization of the poverty distribution characteristics for the micro level analysis. The data used in this study are based on several census and surveys, which were conducted by the Indonesian Bureau of Statistic (BPS). The poverty analysis and mapping is conducted based on the characteristics of social-economic condition of the population and availability the urban facilities, especially for education, healt and economic facilities which are provided either by public or private sector. The characteristics of urban poverty are presentased by twelve indicators, such as house hold size, most activities in the secondary sector, average income per-capita, housing circumstance, the housing wall type, toilet, proportion of housing in the river basin, clean water, scholl participation and illiterate conditions. Based on the data processing there is a relationship between urban poverty characteristics and availability urban facilities. The relationship can be seen on the result of contingency table analysis and chi-square statistics test, even though the degree of relation relatively low. This low degree can identify the low level of accessibility poor people to those facilities. It happens in some areas in which have the lowest conditions of poverty but highest condition of social-economic facilities. Meanwhile the anti poverty programs policy will be useful when those programs policy based on the poverty characteristic when one area is different from the others. Learning from other developing countries which face the similar problem of poverty and anti poverty program will enrich the decision making process in Indonesia. The anti-poverty program should consider improving the capacity of human resources, by enhancing the accessibility to social-economic facilities, such as ceducation, health, clean water and jobs opportunities for poor people. In addition, the involvement of government, private sector and community will guarantee the anti-povertyprograms carried out effectively. Keywords : Urban Poverty Analysis, Geographical Mapping. Anti-Poverty program